ALL THE INFO FOR THE JOURNEY:
What to Bring:
Comfortable walking shoes/boots as well as cool sandals for in the camp.
Clothing: We are moving towards the end of South Africa’s Summer,
but it is still very warm during the day and slightly cooler at night.
There may be an occasional thunder shower.
Sun block, hat and sunglasses.
Mosquito repellent: Timbavati is a Malaria area. If you feel you do need
to take prophylactics we suggest consulting a homeopath or herbalist, as
the allopathic anti-malaria tablets can make you feel ill. Make sure you
have insect repellent cream or spray for the evening and while sleeping.
We would prefer you to use natural based products, to lessen the
impact of chemicals in the environment.
Although this is a non-photographic project, you may bring your
camera. Photos of the White Lions themselves are not to be taken
without written permission from the WLT, but you are welcome to take
photos of the base camp and the environment. Beautiful photographs by
professional photographers are available for purchase with proceeds going to the trust. Accommodation
All Accommodation is shared. Single supplement is available upon extra cost. Seasons & weather
The seasons in the Southern Hemisphere are directly opposite to those in the Northern Hemisphere. Summer is
generally mid-October to mid-February, Autumn is February to April.
Summers are generally hot and lightweight clothing is advisable although evenings can be cool. Sunscreen, hats and sunglasses are a must and remember that sunburn can occur even in overcast weather. In the interior (Mpumalanga) afternoon showers are common during the summer months, while in Cape Town four seasons can be experienced in one day so it is best to be prepared. Bring “layered” clothing.
The average summer temperature in Cape Town is 24.3 degrees Centigrade, with January and February
temperatures averaging 26 degrees Centigrade. February is the driest month of the year, with 15 mm (0.6 inches)
Average temperatures of 26º C in the lowveld areas of Mpumalanga, near the Kruger National Park, and enjoys
relatively plentiful summer rainfall (an average of around 620 mm falls between September and March) and mild
to hot subtropical conditions. Time differences
South Africa is two hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time throughout the year. It is therefore an hour ahead of
Central European Winter Time, seven hours ahead of Eastern Standard Winter Time and seven hours behind
Australian Central Time. Vaccinations
No vaccinations are required when visiting South Africa and immunisation against cholera and small pox are not
required. However, if you are entering South Africa from a yellow fever zone, you must be in possession of a valid
international yellow fever inoculation certificate.
It is advisable that all visitors to South Africa have up to date vaccinations for the following: Yellow Fever,
Hepatitis A and B, Cholera, Tetanus, Typhoid and Rabies. Please consult your health practitioner for current
information and recommendations. Malaria
Our visit to the White Lions, Adams Calendar and Kruger National Park is in Mpumalanga. These areas are not a
high risk Malaria area, but it is advisable
if you are travelling from overseas to take Malaria prophylaxis. Your
health practitioner will be able to recommend the best product, but it may be cheaper to purchase Anti-Malaria
tablets in South Africa. This would, however, involve a visit to a local doctor as Malaria tablets are only available
on prescription. Based on experience it is wise to avoid Lariam and Malarone as these have severe side effects.
Alternative options are Mefliam or a natural herbal product such as Artemisinin. DEET based insect repellents
can be purchased on arrival at TSAU (White Lion Conservancy) as these are
bulky items to bring. Not only do they dissuade mosquitos but are necessary for prevention of tick bites.
It is only possible to contract malaria by being bitten by an infected mosquito - however, when visiting these areas
it is advisable to take the necessary safety and medical precautions. Use mosquito nets and an insect repellent to
avoid being bitten. In addition, medication can be taken and should be taken according to the instructions given.
Medication should be taken starting two weeks before entering the malaria zone and for four weeks after leaving
the area. Consult with your doctor beforehand and note that malaria medication should not be taken during pregnancy.
Homeopathic & Natural Malaria Prevention ~ Advice from Eleftheria’s Homeopath
1) Malaria officinalis 30
, one dose morning and evening on a single named day each week (e.g. Saturday) 2. On
the remaining 6 days of each week, take: Cinchona officinalis 30
every 12 hours. This combination should be
taken, preferably two weeks before travelling, until six weeks after returning.
Wear suitable clothing. In mosquito areas wear long trousers and long sleeved garments at night. Clothing should
be of the closely woven type, e.g. denim. Long boots, with trousers well tucked in will prevent attacks to the
ankles and legs. NB dark blue clothing is attractive to tsetse flies, and should not be warn in the areas they are
prevalent. Use mosquito nets for protection during sleep. Garlic should be consumed liberally. Vitamin B1 50g
every 12 hours reduce the dose for children. Citronella oil dissolved in 80% alcohol (1ml of oil to 4ml of alcohol),
apply freely to clothing (not your best!), and skin (provided there is no allergic sensitivity). This must be applied
every 4-6 hours.
Other useful homoeopathic remedies: Arsenicum, Apis, Belladonna, Carbo Veg, Camphor, China, Euph Per,
Ipecac, Natrum Mur, Nux Vom, Pulsatilla, Rhus Tox and Veratrum. 30c potency. Personal safety
As in any foreign country, visitors are advised to be aware and alert when travelling to avoid falling prey to petty
theft and crime. Most areas and attractions of South Africa can be safely visited. However, use common sense,
be discreet with expensive camera equipment and jewellery and be aware of your surroundings. Avoid walking in
deserted areas after dark and when driving, always park in a well lit and designated parking area. In you have any
doubts, speak to your hosts and ask for their advice on potential areas to avoid. Electricity
South Africa's electricity supply: 220/230 volts AC 50 Hz
Most plugs have three round pins but some plugs with two smaller pins are also found on appliances. Adaptors
can be purchased but may be in short supply. US-made appliances may need a transformer. Currency & banks
The South African currency unit is the Rand, denoted by the symbol R. One hundred cents makes up one R1
(one Rand). Currently the Rand is weaker than many European currencies as well as the dollar, making travelling
to South Africa affordable by international standards. Visitors will more than likely find eating out and shopping
particularly affordable and of an excellent quality. Foreign currency can be exchanged at local banks and Bureaux
de Change. Credit cards are widely accepted including American Express, Diners Club, MasterCard and Visa.
Banks are open Monday to Friday from 9:00-15:30 and on Saturdays from 8:30 - 11:00. White Lion MONITORING VISITS:
Please note the itinerary is not set in stone, and may change depending on
the weather, the people and most important of all, the lions.
We are at all times working with a scientific project and all visits and work
with the lions is subject to strict scientific protocol. Due respect will be
paid to the needs of the project and the lions themselves.
In true African tradition, it is appropriate to bring a gift in honour of the lions.
This can be either a physical gift, for example a crystal, or an
energetic gift for example a prayer or poem.
We ask you to meditate on this and bring what you feel is right.
For more information about the Global White Lion Protection trust, visit
Relative bioavailability of topiramate administered rectallyJeannine M. Conway , Angela K. Birnbaum , Robert L Kriel , James C. Cloyd a Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, Epilepsy Research and Education Program, College of Pharmacy, University of Minnesota, 7-170 WDH 308 Harvard St. SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA b Departments of Pediatrics and Neurology, Hennepin County Medical Ce
SOVEREIGN RISK AND DOLLARIZATION: THE CASE OF ECUADOR SOVEREIGN RISK AND DOLLARIZATION: THE CASE OF ECUADOR Abstract Through policy decision of governments and through other unofficial means, many countries have moved away from their local currency to seek protection against inflation provided by a hard currency, the dollar. Among the promises of dollarization is the reduction of so