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Indian Research Journal of Extension Education Special Issue (Volume I), January, 2012 Decision Making Profile of Women of Ummednagar Village of
Jodhpur District
Bhagwan Singh1 and Soma Srivastava2
1. Sr. Scientist, 2. Scientist, Division of Transfer of Technology, Training and Production Economics, Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur-342003, Rajasthan Corresponding author e-mail:bsingh@cazri.res.in ABSTRACT
The present study was conducted in Ummednagar village of Tehsil Mandore of Jodhpur district. The following studywas designed to ascertain the component wise decision making profile of woman of arid region of western Rajasthan.
In case of livestock related decisions, it is evident from the data that most of the decisions about breeding (66.66%),feeding (83.33%) as well as management of cattle were taken jointly (85.33%). In case of health parameters likeconsultation, vaccination and control of parasites were taken by their male counterparts. In case of householdprovisions the decisions were dominated by female members. The study revealed that active participation of femalemembers (52.78%) was observed regarding decisions related to food for family. In case of farm credit, investment ofadded profit and adoption of innovative technologies the role of male counterparts was dominated and participationof female members was very low or negligible.
Key words: Livestock, Household, Parasite, Vaccination, Decision making
In traditional village community women have been
cropped barring a very few irrigated wells where Rabi playing crucial role not only in agriculture but in allied crops are grown to a limited extent. The village was activities such as various nonfarm operations, livestock selected purposively under the transfer of technology and domestic activities. However they do participate in programme supported by CAZRI, Jodhpur. Stratified all sorts of activities their participation in decision making random sampling technique was used to select the observed generally as supportive only. The pattern of respondents from Ummednagar village of Jodhpur decision making profile of women varies across the district. Data were collected through a specially designed regions. Thus, the identification of role of woman in the interview schedule developed for this study given by decision making process of various farm and nonfarm Puri (1972) and Acharya and Benett (1982) with some activities is very important. Thus it is expected that all necessary modifications, observations, case studies, decisions related to agriculture, livestock, domestic and participatory rural appraisal etc. from 36 farm families miscellaneous will be taken jointly. So, a study was representing different caste and land holding category designed to ascertain the component wise decision and from different clusters (settlements).
making profile of woman of arid region of western RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
It is evident from the data presented in Table -1 METHODOLOGY
that most of the decisions about breeding, feeding as The present study was conducted in Ummednagar well as management of cattle were taken jointly. In case village of tehsil Mandor of Jodhpur district which falls of breeding decision related to no. of cattle (66.67%) in the arid zone of western Rajasthan. Most of the basic were taken jointly whereas decisions related to breed community facilities were made available in the village of cattle (77.78%) and AI of cattle (69.44%) were taken except in some scattered settlements where drinking by male members. With regard to feeding, type and water supplied by public health engineering department quantity of feed( 50.00%) and storage of fodder were not connected. The area was, by and large, single (83.33%) were decided jointly whereas quantity of Indian Research Journal of Extension Education Special Issue (Volume I), January, 2012 concentrate (55.55%) was decided by female members.
Table 1. Participation in decision making in livestock
The finding was also supported by Upadhyaya and activities
Intodia (2007). With respect to health of cattle, the decisions related to vaccination (86.11%) and consultation with veterinary doctor (94.44%) were taken by male members which may be due to lack of knowledge and less exposure of females within the village society. Study by Raj & Kishore (1991) reported that in diffusion and adoption of agricultural innovation farmers take advise of their wives in farming, livestock and household activities. Upadhyaya & Intodia(2007) reported that most of the decisions about activities related to breeding, feeding and management were taken jointly.
However, Kaur and Singh (2008) reported that majourity of women had low level of participation in decision making in breeding practices of dairy farming practices.
Katiyar et al. (2008) reported woman were less involved in taking decision related to storage and marketing.
In case of Control of external parasites (33.33%) took decisions jointly whereas (41.67%) of females took Table 2. Participation in decision making in household
decisions individually which may be attributed to the activities
better exposure of female members regarding care of diseased animals. In case of management aspect of dairy animals the observed response clearly indicates that decisions related to type of house (83.33%), flooring of animal shed (50.00%) were taken jointly whereas method of milking (66.67 %) was dominantly decided In case of household activities it was observed majority of the decisions regarding clothing (66.67%), education of children (72.22%), marriage of children (100%), construction/repair of house (69.44%),purchase of household appliances (55.55%) etc were Table 3. Participation in decision making in
taken jointly. Regarding decisions related to medical care miscellaneous activities
of family it was observed that in 50 % cases the decisions were taken by male members only and in another half of the families it was taken with joint concern of both. The choice for the food for family was totally dominated by females (80.55%). Kumari (2002) and Upadhyaya & Intodia (2007)d reported that in cooking decisions were taken by women.
In case of miscellaneous activities like farm credit it was observed that the source of borrow (72.22%) was chosen by male members whereas the amount to be borrowed (75.00%) was decided jointly. Regarding investment of added profit and adoption of innovationlike, high yielding varieties (86.11 %), fertilizer (91.66%), CONCLUSION
insecticide/ pesticide (97.22%), the decisions were It can be concluded that most of the decisions related to livestock, household and allied activities were Indian Research Journal of Extension Education Special Issue (Volume I), January, 2012 taken jointly by female members and their male of goods and construction etc were male dominated rest counterpart at whole. However, the decisions related of the activities like food, clothing, marriage and to selection of breed and health care practices were education was done by female members. Their male dominated due to their technical knowledge. In counterpart male members mostly took decisions that household activities the decisions related to purchase REFERENCES
Acharya M & Bennett H (1982). Women and subsistence sector; economic participation and household decision making in Nepal. World bank staff working paper no 526 , Washington DC USA.
Katiyar Smita, Acharya GP & Tripathi SN (2008). Role of farm women in decision making concerning farm and home activities.
Rajasthan Journal of Extention Education. 16: 195-198.
Kaur P & Raj A (2008). decision making pattern of farm women in dairy farming. Rajasthan Journal of Extention Education. 16: Kumari A (2002). Role of rural women in decision making in house hold activities in Bihar. Maharashtra journal of Extension Puri S (1972). Work roles and decision making pattern of farm wives and husbands. Ph.D. Thesis IARI, New Delhi.
Raj MJ & Kishore D (1991). Participatory behaviour of farm women in irrigated agriculture. Journal of Indian Water Resources Upadhya M and Intodia L (2007). Involvement of womwn dairy cooperative society members in decision making process.
Rajasthan Journal of Extnention Education 15: 97-101.

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