Workforce Resources 1-page Summary #7: Organizational Culture & Retention
Collins-Camargo, C. (2010). A study of the relationships among effective supervision, organizational culture
promoting evidence-based practice, and worker self-sufficiency in public child welfare. Journal of Public Child Welfare
1-24. Resource 2:
Agbenyiga, D. L. (2009). Child welfare employee recruitment and retention: An organizational culture
perspective. Child Welfare, 88
WHAT ARE THESE RESOURCES?
These two research studies address the impact of individual, supervisory, and organizational factors on
organizational culture and caseworker retention.
WHAT ARE THE CRITICAL FINDINGS?
• High staff turnover
rates in child welfare agencies negatively impact children and families, staff
morale, and the public perception of the field.
• A positive organizational culture
- the attitudes, behaviors, and values of an organization - can
not only create a supportive work environment, increase productivity, improve self-efficacy, but also
decrease staff turnover. The elements of constructive organizational culture
encouraging, affiliative, achievement, and self-actualizing cultural norms.
• Organizational culture is not uniform
, and the factors influencing organizational culture differ in
urban, rural, and suburban agencies. The figure below provides an overview of some of the factors
influencing organizational culture and turnover:
Use of Evidence-
Flexibility & Awareness
These studies offer a number of important findings:
• Supervisors influence the social, cognitive, and behavioral competencies of caseworkers, and effective
supervision promotes caseworkers' positive view of organizational culture and higher levels
• Effective supervision is linked to an organizational culture that promotes evidence-based
• An organizational culture that promotes evidence-based practice improves retention
• Organizations that encourage humanistic and self-actualizing cultural norms
with improved employee recruitment and retention, including higher levels of work-life fit and job
WHAT ARE THE IMPLICATIONS FOR OUR WORK?
Agencies should strive to (1) improve professional development training and expand the use of
; and (2) Increase supervisory support, awareness, and flexibility
supervisors create and nurture a constructive organizational culture that promotes evidence-
use of worker- and unit-level data to assess practice effectiveness, and
promoting an outcome-focused and data-driven approach for staff including directed goal setting,
progress monitoring and feedback, and opportunities for collaborative learning and self-
National Child Welfare Workforce Institute
A Service of the Children’s Bureau, a member of the T/TA Network
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CSSL FACULTY BIOGRAPHY Da l ia h Sap e r Principal Daliah Saper is a member of the Illinois Bar and both the General Bar and Trial Bar of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois. She has handledand is national tv, radio, and in several publications including: Fox News, CNBC, ABC News, The Chicago Tribune, WGN Radio, NPR, and a slew of smaller websites. She