ISU MEMORANDUM/ MEDICAL FIGURE SKATING
The ISU Medical Commission is appointed to assist local Organizing Committees and to report to the ISU Council on medical and Anti-Doping matters. Rule 140 of the ISU General Regulations requires that the Organizing Committees of ISU Events provide emergency medical services for all participants at the competition and practice sites. Details of the personnel and the facilities required are outlined below. The ISU Medical Protocol and Anti-Doping Protocol must be completed and returned to the ISU Director General as follows:
a) if a site visit is conducted, the Medical Protocol and Anti-Doping Protocol will be provided to the Organizing Committee at that time. The ISU Medical Protocol must be completed and signed during the site visit and returned to the ISU Director General. The Anti-Doping Protocol must be completed and returned within four weeks of the site visit to the ISU Director General.
b) if there is no site visit, the ISU Medical and Anti-Doping Protocols will be sent to the Organizing Committee and must be completed and returned to the ISU Director General no later than two months before the start of the Event.
Members are responsible for obtaining their own health care coverage (insurance) for athletes and other team members and must present proof of the coverage at registration for the competition/championship as per Rule 119 of the ISU General Regulations. 1. Documents / Announcement
For all ISU Events, the ISU office will forward to each organizer a Medical Information Package, also available on the ISU website, which contains the following: 1.
ISU Memorandum: Medical Section for appropriate discipline
Procedures for Chaperones for Anti-Doping Testing
Sample Doping Control Chain of Custody Form
Doping Control Officer Report Form and DCORF Supplementary Form
10. Current WADA List of Prohibited Substances (please note that an updated version of
the List is valid from January 1 each year)
11. Current list of WADA Accredited Laboratories 12. Skater Health Care Form 12. Confidential Medical Report Form 13. ISU Withdrawal Notification Form 14. Standard Therapeutic Use Exemption Form for Emergency Use of Prohibited
The following recommendations regarding medical personnel are for the safety and treatment of skaters.
1. A qualified medical doctor with emergency/trauma and or sport medicine training or
equivalent must be present during the scheduled practice sessions and competitions. At all other times a qualified medical practitioner must be available by phone.
2. All medical and paramedical personnel at rinkside must be trained in emergency first aid
3. Medical personnel (for example paramedics, emergency medical technicians, emergency
first-aid responders, nurses, sport medicine physicians, emergency physicians or surgeons etc.) must be present at rinkside during all scheduled practice sessions and competitions. They must be able to respond quickly and with enough staff (minimum 2) and equipment to remove the injured skater safely from the ice and to manage any emergency resuscitation and treatment necessary. This includes cardiovascular collapse, respiratory compromise, lacerations (minor or major), upper and lower limb, spinal and head trauma. An AED (automatic electronic defibrillator) must be present in the rink.
4. For all practices at the competition/main rink there must be a minimum of 2 persons at
rinkside and one in the medical room, one of whom must be a Physician. At the practice rink there must be 2 persons at rink side one of whom is a physician if the practice rink is not located in the same building as the competition rink.
5. For competition times there must be a minimum of 3 persons at rinkside, one of whom is
a physician. Two persons should be located at one corner/side of the rink with the equipment and one person at the diagonally opposite corner of the ice surface. See attached Appendix A.
6. The designated medical area(s) at rinkside must be well marked, and have easy access to
the ice surface. During competition these designated areas must be an area large enough for the two host emergency personnel and one visiting team medical person at one corner and one or two medical personnel at the opposite corner of the ice surface. The medical area must have an unobstructed view of the ice surface.
7. Only medical and paramedical staff with emergency first aid skills and the visiting team
medical staff are allowed at the designated medical areas at rinkside during competition.
8. Pre hospital care including the personnel and equipment to provide airway management,
supplemental oxygen, cardiac monitoring and defibrillation, head and spinal injury management and immobilization, and extremity injury management and immobilization must be present at the rink(s)at all times when skaters are on the ice. The equipment for this pre hospital care may be provided at the rink(s) by the Organizing Committee or by an onsite ambulance. If the equipment is provided by the Organizing Committee on site, then the ambulance response time must be less than 10 minutes. If the equipment is provided by an onsite ambulance then a back-up ambulance must be available within 10 minutes if transport is necessary.
9. At the rinkside there must be the following equipment:
- spine board and cervical hard collar - resuscitation equipment for airway maintenance (oral airways, pocket mask,
bag valve mask /ambubag, portable suction)
- supplies for lacerations ( compression dressing pads, gloves) - stretcher (preferably with wheels) must be available for easy transport of skater
10. A member of the medical team who is able to communicate in English must be available
at all times. If not, a dedicated interpreter must be provided. If the skater does not speak English then the skater's team medical official will assist with the translation and be allowed on the ice or in transfer to hospital.
11. There must always be sufficient emergency staff available to provide care at the ice
surface if others are busy in transport to the hospital or in the medical room.
12. Medical personnel must always be available in the first aid room and at rinkside while
competitors are on the ice. At rinkside the medical personnel must have easy access to the ice surface and be able to communicate with the Technical Delegates and medical staff at all times.
13. Medical personnel are expected to be on site 15 minutes before the start and 15 minutes
after the end of practice and competition.
14. There must be a Chief Medical Officer, who is an appropriately trained physician,
appointed by the Organizing Committee, who is responsible for prearranging liaison with the clinics, hospitals and appropriate specialists for the care of the competitors during the competition.
15. It is the responsibility of the Chief Medical Officer that all medical encounters are
recorded on the ISU Confidential Medical Report Form.
16. Physiotherapy care must be made available to skaters during ISU Championships and
17. All personnel must be aware of` the disaster plan and location of emergency exits for the
facility and their responsibilities for the skater in their care.
18. All personnel must have a valid license to practice in the host country and carry the
standard malpractice insurance for their scope of practice.
19. There must be a dedicated space that can be used for isolation precautions if necessary. 20. Protocols must be in place for emergency procedures such as evacuation of the skater
from the ice surface. All medical personnel must have their roles in this situation clearly defined before the competition. The ISU Medical Advisor will review this with the Chief Medical Officer on arrival.
21. Before the beginning of the competition emergency medical personnel must review or, if
time permits, carry out, a practice session with the ISU Medical Advisor or ISU Technical Delegate, to ensure that all equipment is tested and all personnel understand and are able to carry out all emergency procedures.
22. All medical personnel must wear similar, specific clothing that easily identifies them as
23. Administrative staff must be available from the first day of the accreditation process in
the registration room to collect the Skater Health Care forms from the Team Leaders, skaters or team doctors. The Skater Health Care Form will be collected by a designated staff person who will be responsible for providing the forms to the Chief Medical Officer.
3. Facilities Communication
1. A telephone must be available in the medical room. 2. There must be a means of communication between the emergency medical personnel at
rinkside and the medical/physiotherapy treatment room(s).
3. There must be a TV available in the medical room. 4. If physiotherapy is provided in a room separate from the medical room there should be a
TV available in this treatment room too.
5. Communication with the physician must be possible at all times. 6. The ISU Medical Advisor must be provided with a means of communication. 7. Each medical encounter must be recorded on an ISU Confidential Medical Report form.
1. The medical room should be well signed and easily identified. 2. It should be close to the dressing rooms and ice surface and have clear access to the ice
3. There must be an unobstructed and secure passage from the medical room and the ice
4. The ambulance entrance should be as close as possible to the medical room and the exit
5. There should be an area that can be used as a designated isolation area if necessary. Treatment Room
The treatment room must: 1. Be available and staffed at all times during official practice and competition. 2. Be large enough to deal with expected medical encounters. 3. Have at least two treatment tables, with blankets, table and chairs. 4. Have washing facilities i.e. a sink with running water. 5. Have medical equipment and pharmacological agents necessary for:
- examination and treatment of respiratory illness; for example, asthma - cardiovascular stabilization; for example, blood loss, lacerations, or collapse - neurological complications; for example concussions, seizures
- musculo-skeletal problems; for example fractures and soft tissue injury - gastrointestinal illness; for example dehydration due to vomiting and diarrhoea - minor skin care; for example lacerations and abrasions
6. Cooler with ice bags must be available in the room and /or at rinkside. 7. Have a secure area for medical record keeping. 8. Have an area available for the visiting medical staff to use to treat their skaters. 9. Have a wheelchair available. Physiotherapy Room
The physiotherapy services provided during the competition may be provided at the rink, the hotel or both. An area should be available for the visiting physiotherapists to examine and treat patients. Skater Areas
1. Refreshments: drinks must be provided at the ice rink at competition and practice sites.
Small sealed individual portion bottles must be available for all skaters. Snacks such as fruit, sandwiches, nutrition/fruit bars and soup should be available at the rink.
2. The proposed menu for the Event must be sent to the ISU Medical Advisor and/or the
Technical Delegate for approval well in advance of the Event.
3. It is the responsibility of the local Organizing Committee to follow up on food and drink
availability at competition and practice sites as per the agreed menu plan.
4. There will be no smoking in any skater areas at the rink or hotel. This includes the dining
areas, dressing rooms, transportation, washrooms, anywhere skaters are warming up and all medical and Anti-Doping facilities.
If spectator medical services are available, these services must be provided in a room separate from the medical room and treatment room for security reasons. Ice Surface
In the event of blood stains on the ice it is the discretion of the Referee to conduct a flood and/or to decontaminate the area/s by spraying them with a 1:10 dilution of household bleach. 4. Information
Information on access to medical care must be available to skaters, officials and ISU Office Holders at all times. This should include physician on call numbers and hospital numbers. At the team leaders meeting, the ISU Medical Advisor or Chief Medical Officer will emphasize the important points and will answer any questions. 5. Anti-Doping
See the current ISU Anti-Doping Rules and Procedures. For specific details refer to the Anti-Doping Facilities and Equipment document attached as Appendix B.
Arrangements must be made to have all necessary personnel to conduct the required Anti-Doping testing. It is the responsibility of the Organizing Committee to ensure that the Anti-Doping testing personnel are trained in ISU Anti-Doping procedures and that the chaperones are aware of their responsibilities. The chaperones must be of legal age under the laws of the host country and must not be in any manner related to the skaters being tested. The facilities and the equipment to carry out Anti-Doping testing at an ISU Championship or ISU Event and secure transport of the samples to a WADA accredited laboratory are the responsibility of the Organizing Committee. ISU Doping Control Forms and all relevant Forms can be obtained from the ISU Secretariat. The ISU Anti-Doping Protocol must be completed and returned to the ISU Director General no later than two months before the start of the Event. Arrangements must be made for the ISU Medical Advisor or ISU Technical Delegate and all Anti-Doping personnel to discuss the Anti-Doping procedures and review or practice the Anti-Doping procedures prior to the date the testing officially begins. At Championships and the Grand Prix Final Events, the Anti-Doping Draw will be conducted by the ISU Representative in the presence of the ISU Medical Advisor and when available the Assigned Doping Control Officer at least 30 minutes before the Opening Ceremony on the ice. Facilities
The Anti-Doping station should be well signed and easily identifiable.
The Anti-Doping station must consist of two separate and secure (lockable) rooms of adequate size for use as a waiting room and an administrative room with a toilet and washing facilities.
The Anti-Doping station should be close to changing rooms yet secure from media and spectators.
If the samples will be stored on site prior to transport to the laboratory the administration area should contain a refrigerator or cabinet, which is lockable with only two keys.
There must be a telephone or an alternate means of communication in the Anti-Doping station.
There must be a live feed TV in the Anti-Doping station.
The waiting room must contain a refrigerator for the storage of cold sealed drinks (sealed, small bottles, boxes or cans of caffeine-free, alcohol-free drinks).
There must be a means of communication (walkie-talkies or cell phones) between the Anti-Doping station and all of the chaperones.
After completion of Anti-Doping testing the Organizing Committee must provide transportation, food and refreshments for the ISU Medical Advisor and the skaters if the dining room is closed.
Only the ISU Medical Advisor/ISU Delegate and the Chief Doping Control Officer will have access to the Anti-Doping rooms, outside of the testing periods.
Appendix A Figure Skating Medical Coverage for Events ICE SURFACE
Note: This is the minimum coverage for the Competition venue.
Minimum coverage for practice venue would be two persons at rinkside.
For World Championships or Olympics the coverage may increase to two personnel at either corner of the ice surface.
There should always be space available for one medical person from the team of
the skater performing to be present with the host medical team.
Suggested List of Supplies for Medical Room
AED (automatic electronic defibrillator)
WADA List of Prohibited Substances and Methods
disposable suture kits or sterile needle driver, forceps, scissors
gauze pads large and small absorbent large pressure dressing pads
anti-emetic (gravol/stemetil) injectable and PO
anti-histamines (benadryl/ claritin/beconase)
inhalers: ventolin, beclovent nebulizers-ventolin/atrovent
anti-seizure (ativan/valium), injectable and PO
Steroids: Prednisone 5mg tabs, depomedrol, topical steriods
anti-inflamatories: motrin, naproxen, voltaren PO and suppository
analgesics: ASA, Tylenol plain /paracetamol, , tylenol # 3 with codeine,
antibiotics: penicillin, erythromycin, ceftin, Septra DS, doxycycline
GI: maalox/diovol, pepcid, immodium, kaopectate, proctosedyl, gravol,
ducolax, lubricating jelly, occult blood samplers and solution
ENT: aluminum shield, otowicks, antibiotic ear/eye drops, soft eye patch,
tape, floresceine, alcaine, surgicel, nasal packs, silver nitrate sticks
otrivin, saline drops, #25 gauge needle, 4% xylocaine, mydriacil.5%,
All drugs on the WADA List of Prohibited Substances should be clearly
If physiotherapy is available at the rink, the area will be larger and require more supplies that include:
physiotherapy tables Electrical modalities at the host discretion Tape 1 ½" elastic tape Pro wrap Heel lace pads Second skin Moleskin Anti-septic. Anti-bacterial spray Tensors 2", 4", 6" Massage lotion Crutches available Ankle splint available
Slings, Plaster to make splints if necessary
Appendix B ANTI-DOPING EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES
FACILITIES: Please refer to attached diagram
o access to the Anti-Doping rooms must be controlled with only two keys, so
it may be necessary to provide a padlock for the competitions
o large enough to accommodate the skaters, chaperones and the persons
accompanying the skaters (one for each skater), minimum 15 persons
o fridge available to store individual sealed drinks o table and two chairs for administration person to sign athletes and chaperones
and accompanying persons in and out of the Anti-Doping station
o radio or telephone contact with the chaperones o TV or video feed of the Event o 2 large garbage cans
o large enough to accommodate the skater, the person accompanying the skater,
DCO's and ISU Medical Advisor / ISU Representative
o sturdy table and four to five chairs two on one side of the table and two or three
o separate table for selection of Anti-Doping control equipment o washroom large enough for two persons yet private from others in
o sink /washing facility o if samples will be stored on site until transportation to the accredited laboratory
then a lockable cupboard or refrigerator is required
o telephone in Anti-Doping station o chaperones to have walkie-talkies to communicate with Anti-Doping station
o sealed individual drinks: no caffeine or alcohol o collection vessels o Berlinger system of sample collection o partial sample kits o transport bags o seals for transport bag o tape o scissors o signage on doors o clipboards and pens -enough for each test being carried out for that day. o paper towels and kleenex o specific gravity measurement sticks or refractometer o gloves The numbers of collection vessels and sampling containers will vary depending on the competition; please refer to attachment for recommended numbers to order for each Event.
o adequate number of chaperones of appropriate sex, all of whom must be of
legal age under the laws of the host country,.
o male and female trained witnesses or DCOs for sample collection o one administration person o one person responsible for running results of the competition to the Anti-
o one certified Anti-Doping control officer to conduct tests and arrange courier
to transport samples to the WADA accredited laboratory
o ISU Doping Control Forms o ISU Chain of Custody Form for transfer of samples to the laboratory o Doping Control Officer Report Form and DCORF Supplementary Form o Chaperone procedure information o Anti-Doping Sign in Form o Form posted on door which lists competitors to be tested
Forms listed above may be ordered from the ISU Secretariat MINIMUM NUMBER OF TESTS AT INTERNATIONAL COMPETITIONS AND CHAMPIONSHIPS
Please confirm with the ISU Medical Advisor or the ISU Technical Delegate how many tests are anticipated for your specific competition. The following are the lists of the minimum tests to be conducted at each competition and the suggested number of sampling kits and partial sample kits to be available. It is advised that the Organizing Committee and Doping Control Officers be prepared to conduct additional tests at the direction of the Medical Advisor or ISU Delegate present at the Competition. This would include having additional chaperones available. FIGURE SKATING:
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LEVODOPA INFLUENCES THE REGULARITY OF THE ANKLE JOINT KINEMATICS IN INDIVIDUALS WITH PARKINSON’S DISEASE Max J. Kurz1, Ashley Hickerson1, Chris Arellano1, J. G. Gabriel Hou2, and Eugene C. Lai2 1 Laboratory of Integrated Physiology, Department of Health and Human Performance, University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA, email@example.com 2 Parkinson’s Disease Research, Education & Clinic