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SAMUEL MATTIAS LUDWIG
May 2001, University of Berne, Switzerland
November 1994, University of Berne, Switzerland
November 1985, English, German, Psychology
The Pingry School, Hillside, NJ (AFS exchange student)
Professeur des universités, Université de Haute Alsace, Mulhouse (France)
Part-time lecturer, Université de Fribourg (Switzerland)
Professeur invité associé, Université de Haute Alsace, Mulhouse (France)
Guest professor for American Studies, University of Graz (Austria)
Senior assistant at the English Department of the University of Berne
Senior assistant at the English Department of the University of Berne
Assistant for American Literature at the English Department, University of Berne
High School teacher at The Pingry School, NJ (German, Latin, Psychology, soccer)
GRANTS, FELLOWSHIPS, HONORS
Advisory board member of SSASAA
(Salzburg Seminar American Studies Alumni
Consultant to the German Fulbright Commission
(Auswahlausschuss Fulbright Ehrenprofessur in Amerikastudien)
fellow of ASC 29 (American Studies Colloquium)
“The Continuing Challenge of America’s Ethnic Pluralism”
Visiting scholar at the English Department of Harvard University, Cambridge MA
Research fellow at the English Department of the University of California, Berkeley
Research fellow at the English Department of the University of California, Riverside
Library fellowship grant from the John F. Kennedy Institut in Berlin
Three-year scholarship grant (1996-1999) from the Swiss National Science Foundation
for a project on representation in American literary realism
Exchange year with AFS International Scholarships
Asian American Literature in the International Context: Readings on Fiction, Poetry, and Performance
together with Rocío Davis. Münster: LIT Verlag, second edition, 2004.Pragmatist Realism: The Cognitive Paradigm in American Realist Texts
. Madison: University of Wisconsin
Press, 2002. (304 pages)Asian American Literature in the International Context: Readings on Fiction, Poetry, and Performance
together with Rocío Davis. Münster: LIT Verlag, 2002. (265 pages)CONCRETE LANGUAGE: Intercultural Communication in Maxine Hong Kingston’s
The Woman Warrior
and Ishmael Reed’s
Mumbo Jumbo. Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 1996. (496 pages)
General editor, together with Rocío Davis, of Contributions to Asian American Literary Studies
“ ‘With both hands on the wheel …’: Intersections and Transformations in Jim Handlin’s Poetry.”
“Le Scientifique d’Hawthorne : homme livre faustien.” L’homme livre. Creliana
. Ed. Peter Schnyder.
“From Phallic Binary to Cognitive Wager: Empathy and Interiority in Lois-Ann Yamanaka’s Wild Meat
and the Bully Burgers
.” Writing American Women: Text, Gender, Performance
. Eds. Thomas Austenfeld and
Agnieszka Soltysik. SPELL
(Swiss Publications on English Literature and Language
), 2009. 205-221.
“Realist Melodrama: Innovations on the Premodernist American Stage and Eugene Walter’s The Easiest
(1909).” Passionate Politics: The Cultural Work of American Melodrama from the Early Republic to the
. Eds. Ralph J. Poole and Ilka Saal. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2008. 109-142.
“Justifications from Above: Dissent in Early 19th-Century American Reformist Discourse.” AAAS.
Arbeiten für Anglistik und Amerikanistik
33.1 (2008): 5-20.
“America: Native North Americans.” Imagology: The Cultural Construction and Literary Representation of
National Characters. A Survey
.” Eds. Manfred Beller and Joep Leerson. Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi,
“Ethnicity as Cognitive Identity: Private and Public Negotiations in Chang-rae Lee’s Native Speaker
JAAS. Journal for Asian American Studies
10.3 (2007): 221-242.
“Toni Morrison’s Social Criticism.” The Cambridge Companion to Toni Morrison
. Ed. Justine Tally.
Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2007. 125-138.
“Switzerland.” Global Perspectives on the United States: A Nation by Nation Survey
. 2 vols. Eds. David
Levinson and Karen Christensen. Great Barrington, MA: Berkshire, 2007. 613-616.
“Utopian Moments in Chang Rae Lee’s Novels.” The Disappearance of Utopia?
Eds. Rüdiger Heinze and
Jochen Petzold. Special issue of ZAA. Zeitschrift für Anglistik und Amerikanistik
55.1 (2007): 25-36.
“Volunteers of America: From Cotton Mather and Ben Franklin to the ‘Coalition of the Willing.’” EJAS.
European Journal of American Studies
[Online], put online May. 16, 2007. URL :
“Ideology and Art: Pocahontas in Three Early American Plays.” US Icons and Iconicity
. Eds. Walter
Hölbling, Klaus Rieser, and Susanne Rieser. “American Studies in Austria.” Münster: LIT Verlag, 2006.
“Thin Pluralism: Some Observations on American Multiculturalism.” REAL. Yearbook of Research in
English and American Literature
19 (2003): 225-245.
“Reed, Ishmael (*1938-).” The Literary Encyclopedia and Literary Dictionary
rec=true&UID=3731“‘I spoke in haste’: Overcoming Original Causality in The Grandissimes
.” American Foundation Myths:
Visualizations and Verbalizations
. Eds. Martin Heusser and Gundrun Grabher. SPELL
on English Literature and Language
), 2002. 149-161.
“Celebrating Ourselves in the Other, Or: Who Controls the Conceptual Allusions in Kingston?” Asian
American Literature in the International Context: Readings on Fiction, Poetry, and Performance.
Davis and Sämi Ludwig. Münster: LIT Verlag, 2002. 35-53.
“The Realist Trickster as Legba: Howells’s Capitalist Critique.” Mosaic
34.1 (2001): 173-84.
“The Real Thing.” The Facts on File Companion to the American Short Story
. Ed. Abby H. P. Werlock. New
York: Facts on File, Inc., 2000. 360-61.
“Cybernetic Signs of Life: Pragmatism’s Cognitive Lineage and the Grounding of Realism.” REAL.
Yearbook of Research in English and American Literature
15 (1999): 281-301.
“Grotesque Landscapes: African American Fiction, Voodoo Animism, and Cognitive Models.” Mapping
African America. History, Narrative Formation, and the Production of Knowledge.
Eds. Maria Diedrich, Carl
Pedersen, and Justine Tally. Hamburg: LIT Verlag, 1999. 189-202.
“Ishmael Reed’s Inductive Narratology of Detection.” The African American Review
32.3 (1998): 435-444.
“‘You can see behind you like a bat’: Metaphorical Identity in Maxine Hong Kingston’s The Woman
” Hitting Critical Mass. A Journal for Asian American Cultural Criticism
4.1 (1996): 81-102.
“Cultural Identity as Spouse: Limitations and Possibilities of a Metaphor in Maxine Hong Kingston’s
The Woman Warrior
and Bharati Mukherjee’s Jasmine
.” Fusion of Cultures?
ASNEL Papers 2. Eds. Peter O.
Stummer and Christopher Balme. Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, 1996. 103-10.
“Dialogic Possession in Ishmael Reed’s Mumbo Jumbo
: Bakhtin, Voodoo, and the Materiality of
Multicultural Discourse.” The Black Columbiad: Defining Moments in African American Literature and
. Eds. Werner Sollors and Maria Diedrich. Harvard UP, 1994. 325-336.
“Metaphors, Cognition and Behavior: The Reality of Sexual Puns in The Turn of the Screw
Bruce Dick, ed., The Critical Response to Ishmael Reed
(Greenwood Press) in African American Review
Birgit Wetzel-Sahm, “The Novel Ends Well That Ends Faithfully”: Strategien der Konfliktlösung im
Romanwerk von William Dean Howells
(Peter Lang) in Amerikastudien
45.3 (2000): 445-47.
Luc Herman, Concepts of Realism
(Camden House) in Amerikastudien
45.1 (2000): 123-26.
Ishmael Reed, Japanese by Spring
(Macmillan) in ANA Review
(Association of Nigerian Authors) Oct.-
Dec. (1999): 38.
Brook Thomas, American Literary Realism and the Failed Promise of Contract
(U of California P) in
44.2 (1999): 290-92.
Meta Grosman, ed. American Literature for Non-American Readers. Cross-Cultural Perspectives on American
. (Peter Lang) in Multilingua
18 (1999): 115-17.
LECTURES AND PAPERS
“Beyond the Phallus: Daughters and Fathers in Lois-Ann Yamanaka.” Conference on Writing American
Women: Text, Gender, Performance
(Swiss Association for North American Studies). Crêt-Bérard,
Panelist, roundtable “Options for America: Immigration Challenges for the New President.”
Transnationalism and Immigration Shock in American Society and Literature
. SSASAA – Salzburg Seminar
American Studies Alumni Association. Salzburg, November 2008.
“Cynicism in Paradise? Gary Shteyngart’s American Debut.” Conference of the European Association for
. Oslo, May 2008.
“Peer Pressure and Empathy: Growing Up in Ann-Lois Yamanaka’s Wild Meat and the Bully Burgers
Carl Schurz Haus, Freiburg/Br., 28 January 2008.
Panelist, roundtable “War and the Empire of Liberty.” American Approaches to Europe and Beyond: Policies
. SSASAA – Salzburg Seminar American Studies Alumni Association. Salzburg, October
“Multiculturalism and Immigration” & discussion facilitator. “I love USA,” conference with Gary
Shteyngart and Mark Costello
. Literaturhaus Basel, January 2007.
“The Aesthetics of Difference: American Dissent and Anti-Humanism.” Conference on American
(Swiss Association for North American Studies). Geneva, November 2006.
“Dissent in Early 19th-century American Reformist Discourse.” Conference of the European Association for
. Nicosia, Cyprus, April 2006.
“Utopian Moments in Chang Rae Lee’s Novels.” Utopian Concepts in Contemporary Anglophone Culture
Freiburg/Br., January 2006.
“Hawthorne’s Man of Science as a Faustian Scholar.” L’homme livre.
(CREL conference). Mulhouse,
“Volunteers of America: From Cotton Mather and Benjamin Franklin to the Coalition of the Willing.”
Annual Conference of the French Association for American Studies. Lille, May, 2005.
“How Exactly Is Black Culture an American Culture? Reassessing African American Studies after the
Iraq War” The Black World: INNERSpace:INNERCity:INTERAction:INTERNation
. (Collegium for African
American Research). Tours, April 2005.
“Neo-HooDoo, ou La Détection Métaphysique de Ishmael Reed.” L’année du polar à la FLSH
“¿American Multiculturalism?” Introductory presentation, EARS symposium (English and American
Rheinish scholars) on Anglo Multiculturalism and English Monoglossia
. Mulhouse, January 2005.
“The Poetry of James P. Handlin.” American Poetry: Whitman to the Present
(Swiss Association for North
American Studies). Fribourg, November 2004.
“Pocahontas in Early American Drama.” U.S. Icons and Iconicity
. (Austrian Association for American
Studies). Graz, November 2003.
“Piloting in the Stream of Reality: Mark Twain and William James” Stemming the Mississippi
Paris 7). Paris, March 2003.
“‘…but he speaks Swiss German!’ Is Ethnic Identity in the Body or in the Mind?” Conference of the
European Association for American Studies
. Bordeaux, March 2002.
“Inside the Backside of Rationality, Or: From Negative Ground to Positive Variety in Ishmael Reed's
” Crossroutes: The Meanings of ‘Race’ for the 21st Century
. (Collegium for African American
Research). Cagliari, March 2001.
“‘I spoke in haste’: Overcoming Original Causality in The Grandissimes
.” American Foundation Myths:
Visualizations and Verbalizations
(Swiss Association for North American Studies). Zürich, November
“Ishmael Reed: Sentimental Heathen. An Assessment.” Looking Back with Pleasure II: A Celebration
(African American Literature & Culture Society
). Salt Lake City, October 2000.
“Turning Nature to One’s Advantage: Interactional Grounding in Jamesian Pragmatism and
Howellsian Realism.” Conference of the European Association for American Studies
. Graz, April 2000.
“On Cognitive Difference and the Aesthetic Realism It Entails.” Conference on Aesthetics & Difference.
University of California, Riverside, October 1998.
“Mapping the Stream of Reality: Twain and Pragmatist Constructivism.” American Literature Association
. San Diego, May 1998.
“On Non-Essentialist Realism: Pragmatism, Cognition, Constructivism.” University of California,
Berkeley, February 1998“Capitalist Trickster: The Case of Fulkerson in W.D. Howells’s A Hazard of New Fortunes
.” Symposium on
(American Literature Association). Lake Tahoe, October 1997“Women’s Logic and Pragmatist Epistemology in Howells.” American Literature Association Annual
. Baltimore, May 1997“Of Grotesque Landscapes and Cognitive Models: Non-Proportional Mappings of Reality in African
American Fiction, in Voodoo Animism, and in the Human Brain.” Mapping African America
for African American Research). Liverpool, April 1997“‘You can see behind you like a bat’: Metaphorical Identity in Maxine Hong Kingston’s The Woman
Warrior. Memoirs of a Girlhood Among Ghosts
. Symposium on American Auto/biography
Literature Association). Puerto Vallarta, March 1997“On Voodoo, Ishmael Reed’s Neo-HooDoo, and Other Mumbo Jumbo.” Brigham Young University,
Provo, March 1997“Dramatic Fiction: Cognitive Reality and Human Interdependence in W.D. Howells.” University of
California, Riverside, February 1997“‘We Should Like to Make It Pay’: Money, Power, and Representation in Henry James’s ‘The Real
Thing.’“ Symposium on the American Short Story
(American Literature Association). San José del Cabo,
November 1996“Cultural Identity as Spouse: Limitations and Possibilities of a Metaphor in Maxine Hong Kingston’s
The Woman Warrior
and Bharati Mukherjee’s Jasmine
.” The Fusion of Cultures?
(German Society for the
New Literatures in English). München, Fall 1993“Surviving in America: Bharati Mukherjee’s Novel Jasmine
.” General Lecture Course: Encountering the
. University of Berne, December 1992“Translating Differences: Maxine Hong Kingston’s ‘The Adventures of Lo Bun Sun.’ “Making Difference:
Ethnicity, Culture, Writing
(Swiss Association for North American Studies). Berne, November 1990
(workshop, together with Otto Heim, Ernst Rudin und Anne Zimmermann)“Ishmael Reed’s Neo-HooDoo Semiotics.” Conference on Semiotics
. Veliko Turnovo, Bulgaria, September
1990“On the ‘Pornographic’ Subtext in Henry James’s The Turn of the Screw
.” Conference of the European
Association for American Studies
. London, March 1990
PANELS AND CONFERENCES ORGANIZED
“‘E Pluribus Plura’: Second Generation American Immigrants, Nationality and American Culture(s).”
Conference of the European Association for American Studies
. Oslo, Mai 2008.Second Trinational EUCOR Graduate Student Conference
(MA students from Basle, Freiburg/Br.,
Mulhouse, and Strasbourg). Mulhouse, December 2006.Mini-conference on Asian American Literature
with Sihem Arfaoui (U of Jendouba, Tunisia) and Rocio
Davis (U of Navarre, Spain). Mulhouse, February 2006.
“Passing: A Matter of the Past?” Crossroutes: The Meanings of ‘Race’ for the 21st Century
. Collegium for
African American Research. Cagliari, March 2001.
“European Views on American Multiculturalism.” American Literature Association Annual Conference
“Asian American Ceremonies: Continuity, Rupture, Invention?” Conference of the European Association for
. Lisbon, April 1998.
RESEARCH AND WORK-IN-PROGRESS
“History and Art: Conflicting Motives in Maj. Roger Rogers’ Ponteach; or, The Savages of America
This project reflects my increasing interest in early American literature and especially the culture of the
theater as a reflection of public American values. The case of Ponteach
is especially fascinating because
Rogers’ real knowledge of Native Americans made it difficult for him to square his script into
“Multiculturalism and Monoglossia: Contradictions of American Pluralism.” I am currently collecting
information on definitions of ethnic diversity in the United States and how they relate to the apparent
global linguistic hegemony of English and the coherence of an American discourse of national culture. I
am interested in the impact of this tension on identity attribution and social interaction.Evil Conceptualism: On the Continuity of Metaphysical Notions in American Culture
. This book project will
deal with binarism in American culture: Puritan notion of election, two-party politics, anti-
Communism, the axis of evil, views on crime, popular culture, deconstruction, the Other, the
posthuman. I will demonstrate that these aspects of a non-humanist culture are, curiously, counteracted
by American pragmatism and a powerful cognitive tradition in psychology that are based on
“The International Reception of The Diary of Ma Yan. The Everyday Life of a Chinese Schoolgirl
with Prof. Sau-ling Wong, I am comparing the reception, cultural and aesthetic function of this text,
which became a major commercial success in French juvenile literature.Reality as Result: Theory and Textual Construction
. On the correlation of text models and reality models in
their historical development, with a particular look at the formalist “theory” turn and the critique in its
wake coming from different perspectives. Additional key words: Plato, hermeneutics, humanism,
Geisteswissenschaften, Enlightenment and anti-Enlightenment, pragmatism, cognition, learning
“Chiasmic Rhetoric and Discursive Liminality.” My interest in realism is responsible for my
dissatisfaction with the closed rhetorical universe of conceptualist literary criticism. Chiasmus treats the
interface language-world in grammatical ways that subjugate reality to the rules of discourse, thus
ultimately resorting to and anchoring its opinions in language. Keywords: Geisteswissenschaften,
referential ambiguity, deconstruction, new historicism, postmodernism, metaphysics,
“Formalism of Redemption: Faulkner’s Circles, Rectangles and Triangles.” An analysis of geometric
motifs, mainly in Absalom, Absalom!
and in the short story “Delta Autumn,” that indicate repetition
compulsion as opposed to escape from this predicament at the price of disappearance.
“Consumerism to Reflection: Growing Up in Ann-Lois Yamanaka’s Wild Meat and the Bully Burgers
reading that traces learning and identity construction in this juvenile novel about the Japanese
underclass in Hawaii. Contrast of perceptualist presence and the controlling agency of re-presentation.
“Fiction and Spite: On Speech Acts of Negativity.” From Greenblatt’s Shakespearean Cursing to
Melodrama, Ishmael Reed’s “Noxon,” and Divakaruni’s “The Disappearance.”“Human Behavior and Christian Values: Faulkner, Steinbeck, DeLillo.” …
- Supervision of general research papers
, diploma papers
, and basic studies counseling
at the English
Department in Berne- Study methods course
on research skills (using Shakespeare, New Journalism
)- Civilisation britannique
- Civilisation des États-Unis
- Survey courses on Modern American Poetry
(Walt Whitman, Emily Dickinson, Robert Frost, William
Carlos Williams, Ezra Pound, T.S. Eliot, Marianne Moore, Wallace Stevens, Elizabeth Bishop, Langston
Hughes, Robert Lowell, Hart Crane, Sylvia Plath, and others.)- Survey courses on the American Short Story
(Washington Irving, Edgar A. Poe, Nathaniel Hawthorne,
Henry James, Edith Wharton, Stephen Crane, Ring Lardner, Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald,
William Faulkner, Flannery O’Connor, Willa Cather, Eudora Welty, John Barth, Robert Coover, and
others.)- Early American Fiction
(Charles Brockden Brown, Washington Irving, John Fenimore Cooper)- The Fiction of the Young Republic
(Crèvecoeur, Franklin, Sedgwick)- American Detective Fiction
(Edgar Allan Poe, Raymond Chandler, Chester Himes, Ishmael Reed)- American Realism and Naturalism
(Rebecca H. Davis, Mark Twain, Brett Harte, Constance Fenimore
Woolson, Sarah Orne Jewett, Mary Wilkins Freeman, Kate Chopin, Joel Chandler Harris, Elizabeth
Stoddard, Hamlin Garland, Ambrose Bierce, Harold Frederic, Henry James, William Dean Howells,
Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Edith Wharton, Abraham Cahan, Charles Waddell Chesnutt, Zitkala-Sä, Sui
Sin Far, Paul Laurence Dunbar, Frank Norris, Stephen Crane, Jack London, Theodore Dreiser, Jack
London, and others.)- Recent American Fiction
(Saul Bellow, Don DeLillo, Louise Erdrich, Chang-rae Lee)- Jewish American Fiction
(Scholem Aleichem, Abraham Cahan, Anzia Yezierzka, Ludwig Lewisohn,
Delmore Schwartz, Isaac Bashevis Singer, Saul Bellow, Bernard Malamud, Elie Wiesel, Philip Roth,
Joseph Heller, Chaim Potok, Cynthia Ozick, Gina Berriault, Thane Rosenbaum, Gerald Shapiro, Allegra
Goodman, and others.)- Early Asian American Fiction
(Jade Snow Wong, Louis Chu, Toshio Mori, John Okada, Carlos Bulosan,
Bienvenudo Santos, and others.)- Recent Asian American Fiction
(Gish Jen, Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni, Ann-Lois Yamanaka, Monique
Truong)- American Captivity Narratives
(Father Jogues, John Smith, Jupiter Hammon, Mary Rowlandson, John
Williams, Hannah Dustan, James Smith, John Knight, John Tanner, Charles Johnston, John Rogers
Jewitt, Geronimo, Ishi, Jessica Lynch, and others …)- Lecture: Introduction to Asian American Literature
- Lecture: Introduction to Colonial American Culture
- Lecture: The Early Republic
- Lecture: The American Renaissance
- Lecture: American Realism
- California Fiction
(Henry Dana, Clarence King, Joaquin Miller, Bret Harte, Helen Jackson, John Muir,
Ambrose Bierce, Frank Norris, Jack London, Mary Austin, Nathanel West, Raymond Chandler, Dashiell
Hammett, Toshio Mori, William Saroyan, John Steinbeck, Joan Didion, Thomas Pynchon, Richard
Brautigan, Maxine Hong Kingston, Ishmael Reed, and others.)- Eudora Welty
(collected short stories)- Ralph Waldo Emerson
(Portable Library)- African American Religion, Folklore, and Religion
(sorrow songs, blues, Frederick Douglass, Henrys Bibb,
W.E.B. DuBois, Charles Chesnutt, Martin Luther King, Jr., Zora Neale Hurston, Ishmael Reed)- CAPES Course: William Morris’ News From Nowhere
- CAPES Course: Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter
- CAPES Course: John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath- Etudes Interculturelles- Ethnicité de la littérature Anglophone
- Literary Theory
- American Drama
(Eugene O’Neill, Maxwell Anderson, Lillian Hellman, Tennessee Williams, and
others.)- Early American Theater
(Robert Rogers, Royall Tyler, William Dunlap, James Nelson Barker, M.M.
Noah, Robert Montgomery Bird, Augustus Stone, William Wells Brown, William Henry Smith, Anna
Cora Mowatt, George L. Aiken, Dion Boucicault, and others)- American Drama from the Civil War to O’Neill
(Augustin Daly, William Dean Howells, Bronson Howard,
James A. Herne, David Belasco, Edward B. Sheldon, William Vaughn Moody, Clyde Fitch, Langdon
Mitchell, Percy MacKaye, Eugene Walter, Rachel Crothers, Eugene O’Neill)- Arthur Miller
(plays in The Portable A.M
.)- Recent American Drama
(Sam Shepard, David Rabe, Lanford Wilson, David Mamet)- African American Drama
(William Wells Brown, Mary Burrill, Amiri Baraka, Ed Bullins, August
Wilson, George C. Wolfe, Adrienne Kennedy, and others.)- Seminars in continual education
for Gymnasium teachers- Le lunch anglais
(Friday noon program, UHA Mulhouse)
- local coordinator tri-national graduate conference EUCOR (European Confederation of Upper Rhine
Universities)- président du jury
(Département d’anglais, UHA Mulhouse)- membre du directoire
(Département d’anglais, UHA Mulhouse)- membre du Conseil de Faculté
(FSESJ, UHA Mulhouse)- secretary of SANAS (the Swiss Association for North American Studies)- SANAS conference “American Poetry After Whitman” (Fribourg, 12-13 November 2004)- Mittelbau representative in Faculty of Arts and Humanities (University of Berne)- student counseling, intermediate exams (University of Berne)- building commission (University of Berne)
SANAS (Swiss Association for North American Studies); since 2001, secretary of SANAS
ILLE research group (Mulhouse)
SAUTE (Swiss Association of University Teachers of English)
EAAS (European Association for American Studies)
ESSE (European Society for the Study of English)
CAAR (Collegium for African American Research)
MESEA (Society for Multiethnic Studies: Europe and the Americas; formerly MELUS Europe)
ALA (American Literature Association)Salzburg Seminar
Prof. Dr. Fritz Gysin, University of Berne, Switzerland firstname.lastname@example.org (Doktorvater)
Prof. Dr. Maria Diedrich, University of Münster, Germany Prof. Sau-ling Wong, University of California, Berkeley Prof. Dr. Walter Hölbling, Karl-Franzens-Universität, Graz walter.Prof. Gordon O. Taylor, University of Tulsa Ishmael Reed, University of California, Berkeley email@example.com
M A R I T I M E B I P O L A R R E G I S T R Y Q E 1 1 H e a l t h S c i e n c e s C e n t r e A b b i e J . L a n e B l d g . R m . 4 0 3 1 5 9 0 9 V e t e r a n ’ s M e m o r i a l L a n e H a l i f a x , N o v a S c o t i a 4 7 3 - 5 8 8 4 In this issue of the Registry Newsletter, a women’s reproductive status has a huge influence on the illness itself. Puberty
SOVEREIGN RISK AND DOLLARIZATION: THE CASE OF ECUADOR SOVEREIGN RISK AND DOLLARIZATION: THE CASE OF ECUADOR Abstract Through policy decision of governments and through other unofficial means, many countries have moved away from their local currency to seek protection against inflation provided by a hard currency, the dollar. Among the promises of dollarization is the reduction of so